The main argument in the apology by famous ancient greek philosopher plato is whether, notorious speaker and philosopher socrates is corrupting the youth by preaching ungodly theories and teaching them unlawful ideas that do harm to individuals and society. Socrates's argument proceeds from the statement of a perfectly general moral principle to its application in his particular case: one ought never to do wrong (even in response to the evil committed by another) but it is always wrong to disobey the state. This video focuses on plato's dialogue, the crito, and examines the arguments made by the laws of athens, telling socrates why it would be wrong for him to break the laws, and flee from his death.
Analysis of plato's apology the following is an outline of the 'argument' or logos that socrates used in his defense a hypertext treatment of this dialogue is also available i prologue (17a-19a) the first sentence sets the tone and direction for the entire dialogue socrates, in addressing the men of athens, states that he almost forgot. The socratic method, also known as maieutics, method of elenchus, elenctic method, or socratic debate, is a form of cooperative argumentative dialogue between individuals, based on asking and answering questions to stimulate critical thinking and to draw out ideas and underlying presumptions. Socrates and the sophists (plato’s dialogues) in chapter 4, the sophist: protagoras, soccio does an excellent job discussing a group of teachers and thinkers known collectively as sophists, and the social environment in which they flourished for a time.
Socrates was a greek philosopher and the main source of western thought little is known of his life except what was recorded by his students, including plato. In this paper i describe how socrates came to his conclusion that death is not bad (as described in plato's apology), and then show why this conclusion is false. 1 plato’s apology of socrates how you, men of athens, have been affected by my accusers, i do 17a not know 1for my part, even i nearly forgot myself because of.
Lorraine smith pangle traces the argument for the primacy of virtue and the power of knowledge throughout the five dialogues that feature them most prominently—the apology, gorgias, protagoras, meno, and laws—and reveals the truth at the core of these seemingly strange claims she argues that socrates was more aware of the complex causes of. Socrates — ‘when the debate is lost, slander becomes the tool of the loser. Socrates king, martin luther, jr yannis simonides performing excerpts from his one-man show, socrates now, based on the apology of plato, followed by a classics professor comparing socrates to martin luther king, jr, and nelson mandela. Socrates on abortion the dialogue – socrates, harry and henry  socrates : in my travels across your country, i have been struck by how partisan and intransigent many of your positions are, even as if the athenians and lacedaemonians of my own time were brought together to form one people. In this essay i will discuss the character of socrates as he is presented in the apology, i will look at socrates as a religious fanatic and an apostle of reason i will provide an argument from my own personal stance that the character of socrates in the apology is a variation of both religious.
Socrates seems quite willing to await his imminent execution, and so crito presents as many arguments as he can to persuade socrates to escape on a practical level, socrates' death will reflect badly on his friends--people will think they did nothing to try to save him. In the process of making this argument, socrates makes many other points regarding a) what happiness is, b) the relationship between pleasure and happiness, and c) the relationship between pleasure, happiness, and virtue (morality. Socratic irony can be seen again in the argument to prove to meletus that if socrates had corrupted the youth it must have been done involuntarily and for that reason ought not to be punished the reason given is that no one would voluntarily do harm to the people among whom he would have to live. Socrates' argument directly relates to the laws of the state and the role of the individual within it the crito exhibits the character of socrates as a good citizen, who being unjustly condemned is willing to give up his life in obedience to the laws of the state. In response to crito’s arguments socrates considers first, why the opinion of the majority is not the most important opinion, second, what the consequences of escaping would be for the city of athens, and third whether escaping is an unjust action such that it would harm socrates’ soul.
The first socratic paradox george nakhnikian journal of the history of philosophy, volume 11, number 1, january 1973, this assumption is not strong enough as a premise in socrates' argument against the second part of the second hypothesis and, as he does make the stronger assumption in that argument, i think that we are fully justified in. No record of the prosecution's argument against socrates survives easily the best known and most influential of the three accusers, anytus, is widely believed to have been the driving force behind the prosecution of socrates. The first counterargument you could advance is based on socrates' assumption about the facts of the afterlife he argues that either it is like a deep sleep and thus pleasant or that he will meet. Indeed, socrates speaks only sparingly at the beginning of the dialogue, and most scholars do not count as socratic the cosmological arguments therein iv plato plato was socrates’ most famous disciple, and the majority of what most people know about socrates is known about plato’s socrates.
After undermining crito’s appeal to the opinion of the many, socrates starts the central argument of the dialogue socrates emphasizes that what follows might not be acceptable to the many – this claim explains in retrospective the importance of arguing against the relevance/importance of the majority’s opinion. Socrates argument on rhetoric use socrates argues against the use of rhetoric in communicating true knowledge because he feels that rhetoric is a talent used for persuading people by telling them exactly what they want to hear, instead of arguing from a point of truth and knowledge. The socrates argument clinic the socrates argument clinic is closely based on monty python's argument clinic in this version, however, you will have a chance to match your wits against history's most famous philosopher.