Christmas cards were introduced in 1843 (the same year a christmas carol was first published) by sir henry cole, an english businessman and patron of artthe card was designed by john calcott horsley, and helped popularize the expression merry christmascole printed a thousand cards and sold them as a means to simplify the sending of christmas greetings. 1 gleason l archer, jr a survey of old testament introduction, 425 2 hill and walton write, in the greek translation, the book has over a hundred additional verses this longer version was available as early as jerome in the fourth century ad and already had a long tradition by then. Tract 22b the story of constantine - the man who changed the christian church - supplement to lesson 22 as far as the history of christianity is concerned, constantine was one of the most influential men that ever lived. The mysteries of mithra at sacred-textscom p 150 the mithraic liturgy, clergy and devotees in all the religions of classical antiquity there is one feature which, while formerly very conspicuous and perhaps the most important of all for the faithful, has to-day almost totally disappeared.
The birth of god mithra & significance of winter solstice in iranian culture & heritage by massoume price yalda celebration has great significance in the iranian calendar it is the eve of the birth of mithra, the sun god, who symbolised light, goodness and strength on earth or the 'birth of mithra', rather than 'yalda',. Introduction if bible questions can cause people to think, it will have been worth the effort our question concerning christmas and easter reflects a thinking person december 25th was the birthday of mithra, the iranian god of light the most reliable history tells us regarding this day: was adopted by the church as christmas to. A look at the historical origins of easter , history says, was named semiramis, and she was a very great queen satan was working to counterfeit god's plan of salvation and when nimrod died, the people said he was a great god the queen of heaven, by dedicating it to the rebirth of life and fertility rabbits and eggs were used in the. Mithraism: mithraism, the worship of mithra, the iranian god of the sun, justice, contract, and war in pre-zoroastrian iran known as mithras in the roman empire during the 2nd and 3rd centuries ce, this deity was honoured as the patron of loyalty to the emperor after the acceptance of christianity by the.
An introduction to the history of maps and mapmaking: a celebration catalogue of fifty selected items issued to mark the opening of tooley's museum street premises [r v tooley] on amazoncom free shipping on qualifying offers. It looks like you've lost connection to our server please check your internet connection or reload this page. The name mithras (latin, equivalent to greek μίθρας) is a form of mithra, the name of an old persian god – a relationship understood by mithraic scholars since the days of franz cumont an early example of the greek form of the name is in a 4th-century bce work by xenophon, the cyropaedia, which is a biography of the persian king cyrus the great. If you re-read the article, i outlined the fact that there was no roman celebration on december 25 prior to the celebration of christmas on that day some apologists argue that, if anything, the evidence indicates that it was the romans who swiped the date. Celebrating yalda night saturday, december 19, 2015 compiled by: firouzeh mirrazavi yalda eve is the night when ancient iranians celebrated the birth of mithra, the goddess of light a celebration of winter solstice on december 21--the last night of fall and the longest night of the year.
It should be absolutely clear that christmas is a pagan celebration, pagan to the core, and in every respect has pagan connotations, significances, and hidden meanings christmas celebration is one more example of what historian will durant meant when he wrote. Yalda night table in the celebration of persians (iranians) in holland, amsterdam (wikimedia commons) mithra, in ancient indo-iranian mythology is the god of light, whose cult spread from india in the east to as far west as spain, great britain, and germany the indian mitra was essentially a solar deity, representing the friendly aspect of the sun. It is the third day of december, only twenty-two days remain till the celebration of mithra begins (cunningham, 197) myself and a few of my army comrades have big plans.
Mithraism -- a historical introduction: for over three hundred years the rulers of the roman empire worshipped the god mithras known throughout europe and asia by the names mithra, mitra, meitros, mihr, mehr, and meher, the veneration of this god began around 3000 bce in persia, which was moved west and became imbedded with babylonian doctrines. Early christians took this very ancient persian celebration to mithra, the sun- god, and linked it to christ's birthday but in the 4th century ad, because of some errors in counting the leap year, the birthday of mithra shifted to 25th of december and was established as such. Mithra: mithra, , in ancient indo-iranian mythology, the god of light, whose cult spread from india in the east to as far west as spain, great britain, and germany (see mithraism) the first written mention of the vedic mitra dates to 1400 bc his worship spread to persia and, after the defeat of the. Is there a connection between dwindling light and conspicuous consumption between the end of the year and irresponsible behavior certainly, there is a connection between the solstice and the presence of millions of twinkling little bulbs illuminating a sky that has been dark for too long.
Mithra was the god of the heavenly light of the bright skies, and later in the roman period was worshiped as the deity of the sun, or the sun-god—sol invictus mithra. 2 saturnalia was a popular, winter holiday that long preceded the celebration of christ's birth, and thus the christmas holiday that many people are most familiar with. P 1 the mysteries of mithra the origins of mithraism in that unknown epoch when the ancestors of the persians were still united with those of the hindus, they were already worshippers of mithra.